Selecting a collaborative robot (cobot) involves several critical considerations to ensure the chosen model meets your specific needs and optimizes your processes. Here's a step-by-step guide to help you select the right cobot:

1. Define Your Application Needs

Tasks and Operations:

  • Determine the specific tasks the cobot will perform (e.g., assembly, packaging, welding, inspection).
  • Identify the complexity and variability of these tasks.

Work Environment:

  • Evaluate the physical space where the cobot will operate.
  • Consider the working conditions (e.g., temperature, cleanliness, noise levels).

2. Determine Technical Specifications

Payload Capacity:

  • Assess the maximum weight the cobot will need to handle.
  • Factor in any tools or grippers the cobot will use.


  • Measure the maximum distance the cobot needs to cover.
  • Ensure the cobot's reach is sufficient for the task.

Precision and Accuracy:

  • Define the level of precision required for your operations.
  • Check the cobot's repeatability specifications.

3. Safety Features

  • Look for integrated safety sensors and features.
  • Ensure the cobot complies with relevant safety standards (e.g., ISO 10218, ISO/TS 15066).

4. Ease of Use


  • Evaluate the user interface and ease of programming.
  • Consider if your team can easily program and reprogram the cobot without extensive training.


  • Assess how easily the cobot can be integrated into your existing systems.
  • Look for compatibility with your current software and hardware.

5. Cost and ROI

  • Calculate the total cost of ownership, including initial investment, maintenance, and training costs.
  • Estimate the return on investment (ROI) by considering labor savings, productivity improvements, and potential downtime reduction.

6. Flexibility and Adaptability

  • Ensure the cobot can be easily reconfigured for different tasks.
  • Consider if the cobot can be upgraded or adapted to future needs.

7. Vendor Support and Service

  • Evaluate the vendor’s reputation and the level of support they provide.
  • Consider warranty, after-sales service, and availability of spare parts.

8. Training and Documentation

  • Check if the vendor provides comprehensive training for your team.
  • Ensure there is detailed documentation and resources for troubleshooting and maintenance.

9. Compliance and Certification

  • Verify that the cobot meets industry-specific regulations and certifications relevant to your application.

10. Pilot Testing

  • If possible, conduct a pilot test or a trial run to assess the cobot's performance in your actual work environment.

Summary Checklist

  • Application Needs: Tasks, environment, conditions.
  • Technical Specs: Payload, reach, precision.
  • Safety: Sensors, standards compliance.
  • Ease of Use: Programming, integration.
  • Cost and ROI: Total ownership cost, ROI.
  • Flexibility: Adaptability, reconfiguration.
  • Vendor Support: Service, reputation.
  • Training: Provided by vendor, documentation.
  • Compliance: Industry regulations.
  • Testing: Pilot run, performance assessment.